Czech castles

Czech Republic have many well preserved castles through out the whole country, we have made a collection of the biggest and well known ones, which we show in alphabetic order.

To see more pictures and location of the castles please visit our Pinterest page: https://www.pinterest.com/czadventures/castles-in-czech-republic/


Bezdez Castle
Constructed: Between 1260 and 1280.
Important moments:
1620: The castle felt into the hands of Albrecht of Wallenstain.
1623: Albrecht of Wallenstein started turning the castle into a fortress.
1627: Albrecht of Wallenstein decided to rebuilt the castle into a monastery for the Benedictines from Montserrat.
1666: The castle got a copy of the Virgin of Montsterrat and became a pilgrimage site for years.
1785: Until now the castle had served a religious purpose, but the monastery was dissolved on the orders of Josef II, and the pilgrims were banned.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bezd%C4%9Bz_Castle


Bouzov Castle
Constructed: Early 14th century.
Important moments:
1317: The minor aristocratic Buz of Bludovec family were the castles first recorded owners.
First half of the 15th century: The castle was converted into a Hussite stronghold and served as a prison for captures Swedish.
1499: Haugvic started the construction of a palace on the eastern side to connect the northern and southern buildings.
1558: The castle burned down and lost much of its majestic quality, 100 years later the reconstruction of the castle began at the southern wing.
1895-1910: The castle was reconstructed to the todays appearance in a Neo-gothic style.
1939: The castle was confiscated by the fascists, occupied and looted by the Nazis during World War II, the Chief of the Gestapo R. Himmler, forced the Strahov Monastery to sell it to him, as a present to A. Hitler.
1999: The castle became a national monument.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bouzov_Castle


Cervená Lhota Château
Constructed: Middle of the 14th century.
Important moments:
1465: First written source when the castle was divided among Petr and Vaclav after their father Ctibor of Zasmuk’s death.
1542-1555: The original Gothic castle was rebuilt in a Renaissance style.
1774: There was a great fire which destroyed essentially all agricultural buildings.
1937: Josef Alexandr Schönburg-Hartenstein died and was buried in the newly built tomb.
1946: The castle was confiscated by the Czechoslovakia, and a children clinic was established.
1947: The castle was granted to a National Culture Commission.
1949: The castle was opened to the public.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%8Cerven%C3%A1_Lhota_Castle


Ceský Krumlov Castle
Constructed: 1240.
Important moments:
1240: The castle was built by the Witigonen family, which is the main branch of the Rosenberg family.
1649-1664: After Johann Anton I von Eggenbergs death, his widow Anna Maria administrated the castle.
1717: The male line of the Eggenbergs died out, the castle past into the possession of the Schwarzenbergs.
1947: The castle was transferred to the Czech provincial properties.
1950: The castle became a property of the Czechoslovakia.
1989: The area around the castle and the castle were declared a national monument.
1992: The castle was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%8Cesk%C3%BD_Krumlov_Castle


Ceský ŠŠternberk Castle
Constructed: 1241.
Important moments:
1241: The castle was built by Zdeslav Sternberg.
14th century: The castle had to be reinforced because of the development of new firearms.
1467: The castle was seized by the royal armies of George of Podebrady, the castle was regained by Sternberk aristocracy.
15th to 16th century: the castle was reconstructed and the defensive system was renewed.
1751: The lower palace was built next to the wall.
1949: The castle was nationalized by the Communist government.
1992: After the fall of Communism and the Velvet Revolution, the castle returned to the Sternberg family, which is the current owner.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%8Cesk%C3%BD_%C5%A0ternberk_Castle


Frýdštejn Castle
Constructed: 14th century.
Important moments:
1385: First time it is mentioned in a church source.
1432: It was owned by the Catholics, and the castle was besieged by Hussites, the owner later joined the Hussites.
1556: The castle was sold and lost its function as a watch tower.
1618-1648: During the Thirty Years’ War many marauders, deserters and fugitives of every kind found shelter at the castle.
1890s: The Turnov Adornment Club bought the castle from the Prince of Rohan and made it open for the public.
Today the castle is owner by the village Frýdštejn.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fr%C3%BDd%C5%A1tejn_Castle


Hluboká Castle
Constructed: 13th century.
Important moments:
13th century: The castle was built in a gothic style, it was rebuilt several times in its history, first time it was expanded was during the Renaissance period.
18th century: The castle was rebuilt into a Barque castle at the order of Adam Franz von Schwarzenberg.
19th century: It was reconstructed to its current appearance of Johann Adolf II von Schwarzenberg.
1939: The last of the Schwarzenberg owners Adolph Schwarzenberg immigrated overseas to escape from the Nazis.
1947: The Schwarzenberg lost their property through a special act, Lex Schwarzenberg.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hlubok%C3%A1_Castle


Hruba Skala Castle
Constructed: First mentioned in a deed in 1353.
Important moments:
1515: The castle came in position of the Lords of Smirice.
1620: The castle was seized by the Bohemian Crown upon the battle of the White Mountain, later the castle came in the Waldstein family’s position again.
1821: Franz de Paula Adam von Waldstein sold the castle to Johann Anton Lexa von Aehrenthal.
1859: The castle was rebuilt in a Neo-Gothic style.
After World War II: The Aerhenthal family was dispossessed and expelled.
Today it is running as a hotel.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hrub%C3%A1_Sk%C3%A1la


Karlstejn Castle
Constructed: In 1348.
Important moments:
1422: Hussite attackers used biological warfare when Prince Sigismund Korybut used catapults to throw dead bodies and 2000 carriage-loads of dung over the walls, apparently managing to spread infection between the defenders.
1480: Reconstructed in late Gothic style, and in Renaissance style in the last quarter of the 16th century.
1487: The Big tower was damaged by fire.
1620: The castle was turned over to Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor.
1648: The castle was conquered by Swedes.
1887-1899: Reconstructed in a neo-Gothic style, which still remain today.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/?title=Karl%C5%A1tejn


Konopište Chateau
Constructed: In the 1280.
Important moments:
1280: Was built by the Bishop of Prague as a Gothic fortification.
1468: The castle was conquered by the troops of George of Podebrady which lasted almost 2 years.
1603: Dorota Hodejovska of Hodejov bought the castle, and restored it with Renaissance alterations.
1627: The castle was conquered by the Medieval Serfs.
1648: The Swedes occupied and plundered the castle.
1725: The castle was transformed to a Baroque style.
1746: The upper level of the towers were destroyed and one tower was completely demolished.
1889-1894: The castle was repaired by the architect Josef Mocker into a luxuriant residence.
1921: The castle become a property of Czechoslovakia and then later Czech Republic, one of 90 such in state ownership.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Konopi%C5%A1t%C4%9B


Kost Castle
Constructed: In 1349.
Important moments:
1414: The family of Zajíc von Hasenburg moved there.
1497-1524: The family Schellenberg lived there.
1524-1576: Christopher Popel af Lobkowicz lived there and in that time he added several buildings to the castle.
Ulrich Felix was the last to have lived in the castle.
1632: Polyxena of Lobkowicz sold the castle to Albrecht von Wallenstein, which rebuild it.
During the communist regime, the castle was converted into a museum of Gothic and Renaissance art.
1989: Norbert Kinsky, rewrote the property to his two sons, Giovanni and Pius Kinský dal Borgo, who are the owners of the castle today.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kost_Castle


Krivoklát Castle
Constructed: In the 12th century.
Important moments:
The castle of Krivoklát was seriously damaged by fire several times.
1826: The castle was reconstructed after a fire.
It became a feared prison and its importance sank rapidly. First during the Romantic époque of the 19th century (when under rule of the family of Fürstenberg that owned the castle until 1929) the castle was reconstructed – and saved.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K%C5%99ivokl%C3%A1t_Castle


Lednice Chateau
Constructed: In 1249.
Important moments:
1249-1939: The Liechtenstein family acquired a castle in Lednice.
1846-1858: The castle was restored in a Neo-Gothic style.
1943: The Liechtensteins had to escape due to communistic nationalization.
After World War II the family made several legal attempts to have the property returned but it past into possession of the Czechoslovakia government.
After the Velvet Revolution the family made renewed legal attempts at restitution, which all have been turned down the Czech Republic.
1996: The castle came on UNESCO World Heritage List.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lednice%E2%80%93Valtice_Cultural_Landscape


Litomysl chateau
Constructed: Founded in 1568– to 1581.
Important moments:
Was rebuilt by the Kostka family of Postupice.
1646: The dominion of Litomyšl (chateau and town) became Trauttmansdorf family´s property.
1753: The Trauttmansdorf family sold the chateau to the Valdštejn-Vartenberk family who were the last to undertake any larger reconstruction.
1775: The chateau had a fire.
1796-1797: The in-house theater was built.
1885: The dominion (chateau and town) was sold to the Thurn-Taxis family, the last owners of the Litomyšl chateau.
1962: The chateau was declared a national cultural memorial.
1999: The chateau was enlisted as the UNESCO World Heritage List.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Litomy%C5%A1l


Loket Castle
Constructed: In the third quarter of the 12th century.
Important moments:
1250: The castle was gradually enlarged and the formerly Romanesque building turned into a Gothic stronghold.
By the turn of the 13th century a settlement was built around the castle walls and later raised into a royal town.
1621: The town was besieged by the Bavarians led by Tilly.
1725: The castle was burned down and only the ground floor and the underground of the castle remained.
1788: A proposal for the reconstruction of the castle into a town prison was put forward, and the work was finished in 1822.
1948: The prison was abolished.
1968: The castle was administered by the Ancient Monuments Departments in Plzen.
1992: It was returned to the town of Loket once again.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loket_Castle


Orlik Chateâu
Constructed: In the second half of the 13th century.
Important moments:
1408: After many different owners the Zmrzlik of Svojsin family owned it.
1508: The castle burned down, it was rebuilt in Renaissance style by the new owners, the Lords of Svamberk.
1623: The Eggenbergs took over the castle.
1717: The Schwarzenberg took over the castle.
1802: The castle burned down again, during the repair a fourth story was added to the building.
1849-1860: The castles was restored to the current Romantic Gothic appearence.
1948: The Communist Regime confiscated the castle.
1990: The castle was given back to the Schwarzenbergs.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orl%C3%ADk_Castle


Pernštejn Castle
Constructed: Between 1270– to 1285.
Important moments:
1375: Moravia was split into several adverse, mutually harrying parties, and the castles became bases of political parties.
1435– to 1521: The appearance of the castle changed, the reconstruction was started by William II of Pernštejn.
17th century Pernštejn Castle changed several owners. Its impregnability served well during the Thirty Years’ War, specially at times of the siege of the city of Brno and by the Swedes in 1645.
2005: The granary (depositary) in the third courtyard caught fire, and was reconstructed by 2009.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pern%C5%A1tejn_Castle


Ploskovice Château
Constructed: It appears in a supplement to an old Latin text, from the years 1057– to 1058.
Important moments:
Ploskovice was in possession of a nobleman named Hroznat in the 12th century who gave it as a present to the Order of Johannites in Prague in 1188, Johannites held Ploskovice in their possession until 1545 when they sold it.
It was rebuilt into a Renaissance chateau during the years 1545– 1575.
There were many owners of Ploskovice, however it is worth mentioning one of them – Anna Marie Františka, later of Toscany.
Today the chateau is a national cultural monument and has been under gradual reconstruction.

More info: http://m.taggmanager.cz/en/1092#nazev_zastaveni


Prague Castle
Constructed: 9th century
Important moments:
In the 14th century, under the reign of Charles IV the royal palace was rebuilt in Gothic style.
1541: A large fire destroyed large parts of the castle.
1618: Began the Bohemian Revolt, during the subsequent wars, the castle was damaged and dilapidated.
1918: The castle became the seat of the president of the new Czechoslovak Republic T.G. Masaryk.
1939: During the Nazi occupation of Czechoslovakia in World War II, Prague Castle became the headquarters of Reinhard Heydrich.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prague_Castle


Sychrov Castle
Constructed: 1690
Important moments:
1820: The Rohan family bought the castle.
1847-1862: The castle was reconstructed in a romantic neo-gothic style, and this style remains today.
1950: Some parts of the castle opened for the public.
1970: A large parts of the castle opened for the public.
1995: It became a national cultural heritage.

More info: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sychrov_Castle


Trosky Castle
Constructed: Second half of the 14th century.
Important moments:
1428: Shortly after the castled had burned down it was under siege by Jan Kralovec.
1444: The widow of the original owner made it into her residence.
1468-1497: The castle was owned by William of Hasenburg.
1648: The castles was burned down completely and was left in ruins.
19th century: There came more interest to the castle and romantic modifications were made.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trosky_Castle


Vranov Nad Dyjí Château
Constructed: First mentioned in 1100.
Important moments:
1323: The king John of Bohemia sold the castle to a powerful Bohemian nobleman.
1421: The Bohemian noble family of Lichtenburg took over the castle.
1516: The Lichtenburg family lost the castle.
1516-1614: It had several owners. (Lords of Boskovice, Pernstejns, lord of Lomnice, Kraigers of Krajk and Dietrichsteins)
1621: It was confiscated and sold to one of Valdstejn’s generals.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vranov_nad_Dyj%C3%AD_Chateau


Zámek ŽŽleby Castle
Constructed: First written mention of the castle is from the year 1278.
Important moments:
Originally a Gothic castle and built by Henry of Lichtenburg.
It was rebuilt after the destruction of the Hussites before the middle of the 15th century.
1849-1868: It had some modifications and was rebuilt in a romantic form by Charles Vincent Auersperg.
There have been a lot of owners including Czech kings, important families were Kaisersteinové, Schönfeld and last Auerspergs.
1945: The castle became nationalized.

More info: http://bohemia-trip.cz/en/zamek-zleby/


Zvíkov Castle
Constructed: It started out as a small complex and was continuously extended until 1278.
Important moments:
1337: The castles settlement were fortified.
1429: The Hussites failed to take the castle because of the strength of the castles settlement.
1622: The castle was looted and devastated.
1640: The castle was modified in Renaissance style.
1751: The castle was on fire, and a larges part of the castle was damaged.
1840: It had almost become a ruin.
1880-1902: The castle was reconstructed.
1947: It was confiscated by the state.
1954-1962: The castle became more accessible.
1970-1980: The castle had a major restoration.

More info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zv%C3%ADkov_Castle

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2 thoughts on “Czech castles

  1. This is such an amazing, detailed, well researched post. When I read how far back the castles are dated, and how preserved they are, it is mind boggling. There just is not anything quite like this in Canada.
    Makes me want to go over and experience them.

    Thank you for sharing! 🙂

    Like

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